Sepa farm

Craftsmen’s farm of the turn of the 20th century

Sepa farm from Rõuge parish represents the household of a blacksmith in southern Estonia at the turn of the century. Brought to the museum in 1987–1997 and opened for visitors in 1999.

This small farm in Võru County had some 10 ha of poor soil, and smithcraft was the main source of income.

Due to the changes in the economy of Estonia in the second half of the 19th century, rural handicraft developed at a fast pace. The amount of work for the village blacksmith from a long line of tradesmen also increased because farms started using better steel farming tools and machines. So the farm owners of Palometsa village who were interested in getting themselves a good blacksmith helped him set up Sepa farm by giving the logs for the buildings.

1 – shed-dwelling, 2 – sauna, 3 – smithy, 4 – well

Did you know?

  • Craftsmen often came from small farms or families that did not have any land. Blacksmith Peep Harak was apparently the youngest son of the family of Isaku farm in Palometsa.
  • Jaan Harak, Peep Harak's son, became a tradesman too. He was good at smithcraft and pottery, could build a use and sew a suit and was also the village doctor.
  • Before people had to bring their own iron and coals to the smithy and pay the blacksmith in foodstuff, but in the 20th century blacksmith received money for their work.