Pulga farm

Tenant farm from the middle of 19th C

Pulga farm represents a rental farm characteristic of Northern Estonia and dating back to the middle of the 19th century. Farm buildings were brought from the villages of Kuusalu parish. The buildings were brought to the museum in 1961–1964, and the farmyard was opened to visitors in 1964. The fact that soil in Northern Estonia is rich in limestone is displayed by many buildings located in the spacious yard: the threshing floor of the barn-dwelling, the smithy and summer kitchen are all made of limestone. Stone hedges where large slabs of stone alternate with stonework catch the eye as well.

A family story related to Pulga hereditary farm dates back as far as to the 18th century. It is in 1837 that the parish register first mentioned the surname of Konton, the family living on Pulga farm. It is also engraved on the plate on the threshing floor wall, which tells us the name of the barn-dwelling builder and the year of construction: “1860 JUHAN KONTON”. Later, Juhan’s son built a more modern dwelling next to the barn-dwelling. The farmers paid the rent to Kolga manor. They had little field land, merely 4.5 ha, and draught oxen (which were also for sale) were used for ploughing up to 1930s. It was only in 1905 that Kolga manor sold farms as freehold.

1 - barn-dwelling, 2 - storehouse, 3 - two-storey storehouse, 4 - cattle-shed, 5 - sauna combined with summer kitchen, 6 - smithy, 7, 8 - hay sheds, 9 - well

Did you know?

  • In spring and summer, on Pulga farm you can see a farm household going about their usual routine: ploughing fields, cooking, sawing timber, heating the sauna and washing clothes. 
  • In the cabbage garden, in the summer farmers grow such local vegetables as peas, beans, cabbage, carrots, beetroot, and onions as well as some tobacco for the farm owner to enjoy.
  • The sauna was a mystical and sacred place where the ill were cured and children were born, so anything evil, including bad thoughts and grudges, had to be kept away from it. You had to greet the sauna and thank it for good steam. People would only go to the sauna in daylight.
  • Legend has it that Tsar Peter I came by the smithy next to the road from Saint Petersburg to Reval to have his horse shod.